Archive for the ‘Diseases’ Category


Ten patients (6 patients receiving infliximab, 4 patients receiving etaner-cept) only had anti-DNA antibodies and skin manifestations classified as “limited skin lupus,” whereas 12 patients (9 patients receiving infliximab, 3 patients receiving etan-ercept) had systemic manifestations and met the American College of Rheumatology lupus criteria. One patient had CNS manifestations. None of the patients had pleural effusions or nephritis, although one patient had a pericardial effusion. etanercept-induced lupus

There are no specific diagnostic criteria for drug-induced lupus, but certain immunologic features of drug-induced lupus help distinguish it from other autoimmune diseases. Patients with drug-induced lupus typically display anti-histone antibodies, which are present in > 95% of cases. When associated with TNF antagonists, anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies are usually elevated as well. Patients with drug-induced lupus can have a variety of systemic symptoms, including fever, myalgias, rash, arthralgias, arthritis, and serositis.

Hematologic abnormalities and more severe manifestations, such as kidney disease and CNS involvement, are uncommon. Establishing the diagnosis is usually based on the detection of clinical manifestations consistent with autoimmune disease while on a drug known to cause drug-induced lupus, which resolve within a short period after discontinuation. The presence of suggestive serologies may also be helpful.

This is the first report of etanercept-induced lupus presenting as an isolated pleural effusion. Fortunately, as demonstrated in this and other reports, drug-induced lupus associated with anti-TNF agents is reversible with withdrawal of the offending drug. Making an accurate diagnosis can be difficult because pleural effusions may be erroneously attributed to the primary inflammatory disease. Given the variable presentations associated with anti-TNF agent-induced lupus, clinicians should be aware of this adverse effect in order to maintain a high index of suspicion.


Dapsone inhibits local production of toxic reactive oxygen species, myeloperoxidase, and elastase, but this seems unlikely as a principal mode of action because the clinical response to dapsone is characterized by decreasing the neutrophil numbers.) Other investigators have shown that dapsone may impair neutrophil chemotaxis by interfering with activation of adhesion molecule CD11b/CD18 in vitro. However, this seems to require a higher concentration of dapsone than therapeutic levels measured in vivo. The concentration of dapsone we used in the present study is within the ranges required for therapeutic serum levels of 0.5 to 5 mg/mL. We found that the lower concentration of dapsone of 0.3 mg/mL inhibited LPS-induced IL-8 secretion, and this effect was not due to cell toxicity as measured by the number of viable cells.

Effect of dapsone

Effect of dapsone

Schmidt reported that dapsone, in a therapeutic concentration, inhibited the bullous pemphigoid IgG-mediated IL-8 release from cultured normal human epidermal keratinocytes and that dapsone did not depress basal IL-8 level. These data are similar to the present results using NHBE cells. It also has been reported that dapsone decreases production of tumor necrosis factor a and IL-8 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells following LPS stimulation.

Effect of dapsone on LPS-induced NF-kB p65 phosphorylation. Growth factors were withdrawn from the culture medium 24 h before LPS or dapsone exposure. The threonine phosphorylation of NF-kB p65 was measured by Western blotting. The band intensity was calculated with National Institutes of Health Image J software. A, LPS 10 mg/mL significantly phosphorylated NF-kB p65 up to 2 h, and this was inhibited by dapsone 1 mg/mL. B, Dapsone inhibited LPS-induced NF-kB p65 phosphorylation, and this was dose dependent. Data are presented as mean ± SE from more than three independent experiments. *P < .05. **P<.01 compared with control subjects (LPS —, dapsone —, at each time). #P < .05. ##P < . 01 compared with LPS alone. NF-kB = nuclear factor-kB. See Figure 2 legend for expansion of other abbreviation.


Effect of Tracheal LPS With and Without Dapsone on Ferret Activity and Weight

There was no measureable effect of LPS with or without dapsone treatment on ferret activity or appetite and no difference in weight over 9 days when comparing these two groups (Fig 8).

Intraepithelial Neutrophil Accumulation in LPS-Inflamed Ferret Trachea

To evaluate the in vivo effect of dapsone, we used topical LPS coated onto an ETT to recruit neutrophils and inflame the trachea of anesthetized and spontaneously breathing ferrets. Control ferrets intubated with an ETT coated with only a water-soluble jelly (used as the LPS vehicle in the other group) showed few epithelial neutrophils (< 3/150 mm). One ferret with an LPS-inflamed airway and treated with nebulized vehicle did not complete the study because of death on day 6, and this animal was excluded from further analysis. As shown in Figure 9A, LPS exposure induced marked neutrophil accumulation in the ferret tracheal epithelium. Dapsone treatment reduced intraepithelial neutrophil number (Fig 9B). Orally administered dapsone tended to inhibit neutrophil recruitment (P = .3) (Fig 9C), and nebulized dapsone significantly inhibited neutrophil accumulation (P < .05) (Fig 9D).

MCT on Excised Tracheal Segments

MCT was timed over a 3-mm segment. LPS dramatically decreased MCT to 1 to 3 mm/min (normal, ^ 7 mm/min). Oral dapsone increased MCT, but the increase was not significant (P = .09). However, aerosol dapsone preserved MCT at near-normal velocity (6 mm/min, P = .007) compared with LPS control as shown in Figure 10.

Discussion about

We have shown that dapsone inhibits IL-8 secretion from NHBE cells stimulated with LPS. Dapsone is used to treat dermatologic disorders, most notably those with neutrophil infiltrates. It has been postulated that dapsone impairs neutrophil chemotaxis and function at the sites of inflammation, apparently without increased risk of opportunistic infections. This is consistent with immunomodulation, but not immunosuppression.


There are two flows in man. One of them is from the navel upwards and comes into being in the head and the other from the navel downwards. The second flow leads to the centre of the Earth, and the first one – to the centre of the Sun. Finally, there is a third flow, which unites the first two flows. The third flow is called aura of man.

The second flow, i.e. the one, which leads to the centre of the Earth, includes all lower man’s energies, which he has gained in his animal state. By studying the structure of human body, we will see that the first two flows involve two more flows in themselves. All these flows are united in another one. They can be noticed also in man’s thinking and feelings.

Blood moves not only because of heart’s rhythm, but also under the influence of the electricity in Nature. While heart is under the influence of the living electricity, it contracts and relaxes uniformly, by sending blood all over the body. If the heart is not under the influence of the natural electricity, no circulation is possible. Why? It is so, because the resistance, which arteries and veins cause to blood movement, is so big that the heart would not be able to move it. It can receive energy from nowhere. It receives that energy exactly from the natural electricity.

Hence, if you want your heart to be healthy, keep your brain, from where the electrical flows of Nature pass and the solar plexus, from where the magnetic flows pass, in good order. In order your brain to be in good order, you shall avoid controversial thoughts. In order to keep the solar plexus in order, never let negative thoughts into your heart.

The primary light is the one, which moves the blood. Our circulation has a rhythm, an impulse, which is due to that cosmic energy – the electricity. The electricity is a form of light. The light is an impulse of that primary cause of the world. It fills the entire space.

The duties of the heart do not include only sending of the blood all over the body. It is also a knot of the electrical energy, which is delivered to all cells by giving them a chance to participate in the whole organic life. The lungs and the liver are two transformers of energy – the lungs are transformers of man’s mental energy, and that is why it directs the energy of the mind to the brain; the liver – of the sensual energies, by directing them to the sympathetic nervous system. Feelings cannot manifest themselves without a lung. Canadian health care mall online go here

A special kind of energy is generated by each gland. If man cannot create in himself mental and spiritual energies, this shows that the relevant organs in him are not awake. Man shall work on himself, to come to the state of emanating fine energy, with which to perform a higher work. For example, it is known that love has three poles, connected to three different centres: love to God, this centre is in the top of the head; love to the fellow men, this centre is in the middle of the head; and finally, love to yourselves – this centre is in the cerebellum. The last love is the most rough, because of the energies, which are developed in man. Today people live with that love, as a result of which, they think only of themselves. The centre of the love toward God is the most important one. And if the Bulgarians have suffered so much, this is a result from the the fact that that gland with them, this centre of love toward God is weakly developed. This centre is most developed with the Slavs, they love God in contrast to the Bulgarians. If the Slavs lose that love toward God, they will lose everything, because one’s love is due to that centre – love toward God.


What Is Uric Acid?

Uric acid is naturally produced by the body as a result of the breakdown of purines as part of the body’s normal ongoing daily wear, tear and repair process. Purines are substances found in all of the body’s cells, and in many foods. This is a normal and healthy process. Uric acid from this process is generally cleared by the kidneys. Imagine the kidneys as being like a sieve which filters all the bad stuff from the body, keeping the good stuff in. With gout the kidneys become less efficient at filtering (the holes in the sieve become smaller) so more uric acid is retained in the body Viagra Australia Pharmacy. This is what happens when you drink alcohol and is why many heavy drinkers get gout. When the uric acid reaches a certain level it can then escape into the bloodstream and enter the joints, causing pain.

Some people can just produce too much uric acid (one reason why some men who don’t drink alcohol can still get gout). Uric acid can also be found in our diets, particularly in purine-rich foods like red meat (especially offal), duck, seafood (especially sardines and anchovies), gravy, kidney beans, peas and lentils. Other culprits can include shellfish, spinach, asparagus, cauliflower, mushrooms, beer and other forms of alcohol.

Binge drinking and extreme fasting can also cause uric acid levels to rise, as can certain medications, such as thiazide diuretics and niacin (Vitamin B3), which is often taken to boost HDL (good) cholesterol. Sometimes there are genetic factors involved that cause the uric acid level to be too high.

It is the build-up of high uric acid over a long period of time that tends to cause gout. The higher the uric acid level the higher the chance of developing gout. When uric acid leaks out of the blood it enters the joints, most commonly the big toe. Occasionally it can affect other joints, including the hands. The attack usually comes on suddenly, causing pain, and within a few hours the affected joint can become red, hot, swollen and painful.

Canadian Health&Care Mall pharmacy online. You may buy Viagra, Cialis, Kamagra now.

Diagnosis of Cout

The diagnosis of gout is often straightforward. Certainly any man who has suffered recurring attacks of gout will know immediately when they have been struck down by it. However, sometimes other forms of arthritis or infection can mimic gout. A high uric acid level supports the diagnosis of gout, but it is not as black and white as it seems: some people can have a high uric acid level for many years without developing gout. If the diagnosis is uncertain the doctor may remove a small amount of fluid from the joint; the presence of uric acid crystals in the joint fluid confirms the diagnosis beyond doubt.


It is understandable to deem tinnitus a affliction of the hearing system, but it is not any variety of disease condition. What is happening is something occurred that had an effect on the processes involved with hearing. An incident has taken place, either a one-time event or repeated exposure to loud noise. The most important explanation for a lot of people is they have been in the vicinity of high noise at their jobs. Then for others, but a smaller percent, other existing physical problems induced the tinnitus. A bunch of people may not instantly grasp they have this and therefore have no idea whre it originated. You might find it advantageous to chat to your doctor to get a professional and informed opinion.

Your inner ear consists of your cochlea, and that is typically what is injured by something external. It is quite possible to get sudden and enduring damage in the case of a sudden loud noise. Penetrating noise level of a specific frequency, that is high, can certainly cause it. Whereas tinnitus is not wholly understood, some suggest it is the brain producing the ringing. The reason for the brain to do this is because it senses a deficiency of common hearing signals and compensates on its own. Therefore of course you can also surmise they simply do not have it all worked out.

Once you acquire tinnitus, then there is always a possibility for it to become more pronounced. For illustration, a lot of individuals have excessive production of ear wax, and that will contribute to increased tinnitus. An added recognized cause can be a simple ear infection which will result in temporary ear ringing. Tinnitus is also seen in older individuals for the reason that the cochlea is affected by the aging process. Consequently what can frequently materialize is hearing loss and associated ringing in the ears. Age related hearing loss is quite common, and that is related to general deterioration of the cochlea.

Various prescription medicines are notorious to cause ear ringing, too. There are many risks with consuming too much aspirin, and surprisingly this very same condition can occur. Regrettably there are some classes of above average strength antibiotics which may produce this condition. A different medication, quinine, is acknowledged to create tinnitus in certain people who are susceptible. So there are varied conditions and reasons for a human being to start hearing ringing in their ears.

Folks normally do not perceive tinnitus during the day because normal sounds mask it. You will notice this, then again, as soon as you go to bed and it’s silent. The still bedroom is when the majority individuals notice much louder ear noises such as ringing. Folks do report varying degrees of the ringing in their ears. If this presents a real disturbance for you, then it could help to seek the advice of your family physician about it. A appointment to a medical doctor who specializes in this area could prove to be a good idea.


If you think about it, your life is simply a reflection of your awareness. Although this might seem a rather stupid statement at first let me explain what I mean. We all know that from conception we are all pre-programmed with certain traits and characteristics. The idea we are born as a fresh, blank pieces of paper is simply not true as we inherit bits of Mum and Dad as well as the extended genetic lineage.

So we are born and from an early age begin to mirror our surroundings. Influences and experiences mould early life as does our relationships with our peers, teachers and family. Even though progression to adolescence is in lifespan terms perhaps less than a seventh, many of our clearest and fondest reminiscences relate to our childhood from five to fifteen. Our cognitive awareness is filtered based upon our core pre-programming and behaviour patterns based upon this early part of our lives.

So are we prisoners of our heritage and upbringing?

Without mindfulness, introspection and education you are. Your whole world-view is a filtered reality according to your behaviour and belief patterns. Whilst this rather forensic analysis might seem harsh it is nevertheless true. We accept much based upon filters created early on in life.

Life is like a box of chocolates?

In the film Forest Gump, Tom Hanks portrayed a person with higher functioning autism, Asperger’s syndrome whereby Forest Gump seemed to drift through life living according to a belief system given to him by his mother; “life is life a box of chocolates”. He believed life was like a variety of experiences (the chocolates) and you simply didn’t know which one was to come next. This belief system allowed Forest Gump to accept whatever “chocolate” (life situation) came next and simply accepted it, embraced it and allowed it to become part of his awareness. He did not filter out situations and was mindful and aware of each and every opportunity without negativity or dismissal.

Mindfulness allows you to do the same by removing the filters by becoming aware of them. There is no right or wrong in life within the context of a person’s cognition of their life experience. Educators, law makers, politicians, peers, friends and family lay out for us the societal framework in which we must live. Our pre-programming, belief system and cognition are either in conflict or confluence with our situation. As individuals we live our lives either in degrees of acceptance or denial, positively or negatively and our responses to this are entirely based upon our perceptual understanding of how this fits within our belief patterns.

So how do we use Mindfulness to its best advantage?

Pause and reflect on any given situation. We react to situations so differently; an entrepreneur sees opportunity, a pessimist sees danger, an opportunist sees leverage whilst a depressive sees fear. Each time the same situation but some very different outcomes based upon belief system.

Whatever the situation:

Pause: Look at the situation for what it is by initially focussing on your breathing. Lose yourself in the mechanics of inhaling and exhaling taking ownership of it. Focus on breath and enter into a calm state.

Reflect: Look at the situation abstractly for what it really is without any judgement or prejudice. If doubts or preconception creep in focus on the breathing again and come back to it. Form an opinion based upon mindfulness appraisal as opposed to preconceived filtration.

At first you will always revert to your “default state”, the old adage “Rome wasn’t built in a day” is true in this instance as mindfulness overturns a lifetime and pre-lifetime of values and belief patterns. Distract yourself with your breathing and focus as with mindfulness helps you deal with your life. It will help to identify the tug of your subconscious as it comes into conflict with a preconception or established belief.

Mindfulness is something that should be taught to everyone as a child. Buddhists have known this for millennia and as a consequence we find kind, caring and peace loving individuals who seem capable of extreme meditative focus. If everyone used mindfulness and became mindful of situations the world would be a very different place where empathy and understand would replace hate, fear and violence.

Use mindfulness today and live in the moment. Do not accept anything without being mindful about any actions you take. Mindfulness action restores your very being and individuality releasing potentiality and unlimited access to your true self.

Regain control of your life with mindfulness.


Estimates of malaria cases that occur annually round the world range between 250 million and 500 million of which over 90 percent are in sub-Saharan Africa. The most vulnerable are young children under five, pregnant women and refugees in remote rural areas. This high risk group accounts for majority of deaths estimated annually around 2 million.

Synthetic mainline medications have become largely ineffective due to parasite resistance. Presently, Artemisinin Combination Therapies (ACTs) are the first line medication for treatment of malaria in majority of the countries. Several pharmaceutical companies have produced various combinations using artemisinin or any one of its derivatives along with other anti-malarial synthetics. However, at present the only source of the primary anti-malarial (artemisinin) in the world is the herbal plant Artemisia annua L., which has been used in its raw form for chills and fevers in China for over two thousand years.

Several organizations around the world are actively pursuing alternate solutions for treating and preventing malaria. An inexpensive cure for malaria has been developed using an out-of-the-box approach based on the following rationale:

  • Synthesized anti-malarials used during the past 100 years or so were all first identified and isolated from plant sources.
  • Over the past few years, synthesized versions used singly have all become ineffective.
  • Whereas, Cinchona bark taken directly from the plant was used for centuries round the world for treatment of malaria.
  • Tea made from leaves of the Artemisia plant has been used in China for centuries.
  • Since bio-chemical compounds within a plant material do not exist in isolation, it would be appear that extracting just the single compound from the whole plant material would negate the supportive synergistic value of the co-existing compounds.
  • It follows that a cure based on whole of the plant material which contains the anti-malarial would be appropriate.
  • This anti-malarial plant material should be purified and concentrated to allow easy and optimal administration of the cure to a patient.
  • This effect could be largely improved by

Using newly developed agricultural and harvesting techniques to increase the crop output and Artemisinin content in the plant to1.7-2.2 %.

Note: Artemisinin content in the wild or cultivated Artemisia plants in China and Vietnam is around 0.6-0.8%. Besides the solvent extraction techniques widely used decrease the available artemisinin to 0.4 to 0.6%
Using new, clean and environmentally sensitive extraction techniques for concentrating total extract.
Techniques for long-term Preservation of the extract in soft gel capsules, which are easily ingested, by children and adult alike, as well can be widely distributed due to long shelf life and basic storage requirements
Using techniques for increasing the resident time of the anti-malarial in a human body.

A cure based on the above criteria has been developed and is currently awaiting clinical trials.


Pregnant women are more susceptible to Hemroids due to various reasons. Since pregnancy quiet often leads to hypertension and constipation, a pregnant woman faces discomfort because of Hemroids. Another factor that primarily places pregnant women at a high risk zone of developing Hemroids is the hormone named Progesterone. Its fluctuating level in expecting mothers make their veins soft and nonfunctional. All of these can be avoided by simply being aware of the hemroid treatments available for pregnant women. It can actually save you from a lot of discomfort faced during pregnancy due to Hemroids.

It has been seen that women usually get Hemroids while in their first trimester. Some may have them while giving birth, i.e. in the pushing phase. Though Hemroids may disappear after delivery, they should be cured with unconventional methods. However, medicines can cause harm to the baby and hence should be avoided. Pregnant women should try to treat Hemroids in a safe and natural way. This can only happen through a change in food intake. Selecting a proper diet can not only eliminate existing Hemroids but can also prevent formation of Hemroids in the future.

Pregnant women with Hemroids should have a diet which is easy to digest and quickly moves down the colon.

Here is a list of foods that can give you relief from Hemroids and can even help you to reduce bleeding Hemroids:

  • Dark green leafy vegetables
  • Flax seeds (rich in 3-omega oils and fiber)
  • Lima and butter beans (rich in iron)
  • Alfalfa
  • Blackstrap molasses
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Onion, ginger and garlic (fights fibrin)

Pregnant women should however avoid eating animal products, red meat, coffee, alcohol, rice and bad fats since these causes constipation and may worsen Hermoids cure.

In addition to proper intake of food, other home treatments of Hemroids during pregnancy include the use of cold compress like icepacks. These helps to ease the swelling caused due to Hemroids. They even help in reducing the pain and make you feel more comfortable.

Another way to reduce discomfort caused due to Hemroid is to wipe it very gently after passing off stool. Wiping gently stops bleeding Hemroid and also reduces the amount of irritation. A sitz bath is a great way to treat Hemroid during pregnancy. It allows you soak and soothe the affected area and removes the irritation and the pain caused by Hemroid.

However, even after following all these, if you are experiencing extreme conditions like pain, discomfort or excessive bleeding due to Hemroids, it is recommended that you immediately consult a doctor.



Infertility is defined as the absence of conception after a minimum of 1 year of normal sexual intercourse without having contraception. In approximately 30% of cases, infertility is because of to male elements (eg, insufficient sperm count).

For female infertility, about 40% of instances are because of to ovulatory failure, about 40% are due to endometrial or tubal illness, about 10% are due to rarer causes (eg, thyroid disease or hyperprolactinemia), and about 10% remain undefined after complete workup.

Ovulatory Causes:
Infertility referable to ovarian dysfunction can outcome from problems with the hypothalamus or pituitary, resulting in inadequate gonadotropic stimulation of the ovary; from ovarian disorders, resulting either in inadequate secretory products or failure to ovulate; or from each kinds of problems occurring at the exact same time. Correction with the underlying trigger will often restore fertility.

In many instances, exogenous administration of gonadotropins will stimulate the ovaries to produce follicular growth. The oocytes can then be released in vivo and fertilized by intercourse or by artificial insemination. Alternatively, the mature oocytes can be removed from the woman to become utilized in in vitro fertilization (IVF), wherever fertilization occurs within the laboratory and embryos are returned towards the uterus.

Among the most typical ovarian problems, known as diminished ovarian reserve, is age related and can involve each the oocytes themselves and the secretory products with the ovary. There is accelerated loss of follicles with the strategy of menopause. With follicular depletion, FSH levels tend to rise, reflecting inadequate manufacturing of inhibin.

This could outcome from an insufficient number of follicles, diminished competence of the remaining follicles, diminished steroidogenesis by the aging ovary, or some combination of these factors. Regardless of the particular cause, the net effect is a shortened follicular phase and is associated with elevated rates of infertility. Remedy with clomiphene citrate, a weak estrogen antagonist, is really a means of diminishing damaging feedback and growing gonadotropin stimulation of the ovary and restoring ovulation.

Other etiologies of ovulation dysfunction include problems that alter the coordination in between ovary and hypothalamus, for example PCOS and hypothalamic amenorrhea. In these scenarios, the oocytes don’t undergo the appropriate development and maturation to lead to regular ovulation and subsequently cause infertility.

Tubal and Pelvic Causes:
Given normal follicles and reproductive neuroendocrine axis function, the main trigger of infertility is abnormality with the endometrium or fallopian tubes. Prior or ongoing pelvic infections, with adhesions or inflammation, can outcome in failure of sperm or egg transport, failure of implantation, or implantation in an inappropriate location (ectopic pregnancy).

Endometriosis, presumably happening due towards the cyclic proliferation and sloughing of ectopic endometrial tissue, results in inflammation, scarring, and adhesion formation. New information suggest that endometriosis might arise from a circulating endometrial stem cell population.

This situation should be suspected when infertility is linked with severe dysmenorrhea. Surgical and medical therapies are efficacious within the reduction of endometriosis-associated discomfort. The effects of endometriosis remedy on infertility stay controversial.

Other Brings about of Female Infertility:
Most of the much less typical causes of infertility can be grouped into individuals problems that affect the production of GnRH by the hypothalamus or the hormone’s effect about the pituitary (eg, thyroid disease and hyperprolactinemia).