Posts Tagged ‘cataracts’


Cataract is a kind of eye disease that occurs when the normal apparent lens in the eye, found at the back of the iris, becomes hazy. The lens which is the light focusing part of the eye is very essential to focus light in the retina in order that the images will appear apparent and without alteration, and the haziness of the lens throughout cataract formation alters the vision.

Cataracts are generally an extremely slow process of regular aging but may seldom develop quickly. They usually affect the two eyes, it is a common case that one cataract advance more rapidly than the other. Cataracts are extremely common which affect approximately sixty percent of people more than sixty years old, and more than 1.5 million cataract operations are done in the U. S. every year.

Majority of cataracts seem to be due to alterations in the structures of protein inside the lens which occur more than years and they cause the haziness in the lens. Seldom, cataracts may be present during birth or early infancy as an outcome of inherited enzyme defects. Cataracts develop more quickly because of serious trauma in the eye, intraocular swelling, or eye surgery. Exposure to extreme ultraviolet rays, smoking, diabetes, or use of some medications like topical, oral, or inhaled steroids may lead to the growth of cataracts during earlier age. Long term utilization of phenothizines and statins may also cause cataracts.

When people have cataracts, they start to have trouble in performing activities they like. A number of the most regular complaints include difficulty in driving at nighttime, traveling, or reading. These are activities wherein clear sight is very essential.

Cataracts can cause an assortment of complaints and changes in vision, including hazy vision, dull color sight, difficulty with excessive brightness like the bright sun or headlights of vehicles at night, improved nearsightedness along with recurrent changes in eyeglasses, and rarely double sight in the single eye. Cataracts usually develop gradually and are normally painless or associated with redness in the eye or other signs except they become very advanced. Speedy and/or aching changes in visualization raise doubts for some eye disorder and must be assessed by an eye specialist.

Cataract development is not predictable; some remain tiny and do not progress where they can affect vision and will need cure, while others develop more rapidly. Therefore, the decision to go on with operation is individualized in every patient. Your eye doctor will tell you the status of your eye because of cataract and type of visual recuperation that might be anticipated if operation is chosen.



Cataract is one of the most common eye diseases. However, unlike cancer, cataract is easier to treat. In addition, there are several types of treating a cataract. One of the ways in treating it is through surgeries. Let us take a look at the different types of surgeries applied for cataract patients.

The first type of surgery is Phacoemulsification. This is the most common surgery treatment for cataract and the easiest one since it will only take less than 30 minutes for an eye doctor to complete it. It involves sedation, but at the minimum level, and numbing eye drops. It does not require stitches to close the wound and does not involve an eye patch to cover the eyes after surgery. This is applied to those patients whose cataract infection is not a lot.

Another type of surgery is called Extracapsular Surgery. This type of surgery is applicable to those patients who have advanced cataracts. This is normally applied if the lens cannot be dissolved into fragments because it is too dense to be soluble. The eye doctor removes the cataract all at once without fragmenting the land inside the eye. It needs a large incision and more numbing medications are applied around the eye.

It entails an artificial lens being placed in the capsular bag and this process requires various sutures to close the larger wound. It also requires an eye patch after the surgery t keep the eye from harmful elements from the environment. Eye recovery on this type of surgery is usually slow and the eye patch will be removed based on the patient’s recovery.

The last type of cataract surgery is the Intracapsular Surgery. This method of cataract removal is obsolete, and it is rarely used nowadays. However, it can be applied and useful in cases of trauma and less side effects compared to other eye treatments. it creates an even larger wound compared with thee extracapsular surgery, since the doctor normally removes the entire lens along with the capsule surrounding it altogether at the same time.

In this process, the lens which happens to be intraocular is placed in front the eye’s iris. Of course the recovery is not easy, and requires a lot of numbing medications as well. The same thing with extracapsular processes, it entails stitches to close the bigger wounds, and an eye patch is necessary to cover the treated eye from harmful elements around.

The cataract treatment that will be employed today will be dependent on the extent and intensity of cataract infection. If one surgery is not applicable, then the next one should be employed. The recovery and the amount of numbing medications normally defer for each surgery. At the same time, if it is not necessary to open the eye for further examination, then the doctors would use a simpler approach.
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Well, it is still the patient’s call what type of surgery they want since the doctor will lay a lot of options. Of course, it needs to have some pre-surgery treatments as well, like medications and drops. If you suspect to have a cataract and you would want a medical treatment, contact your eye doctor immediately to check the best option you have before getting yourself towards the actual surgery.


Many people have to deal with their daily work on the computer, which gives a heavy burden to their eyes, so do driving, reading or watching TV for long time. This burden can aggravate problems on people’s eyes, the most precious part of people’s body, that’s why you need 15-20 minutes everyday to take care of your eyes. But eye care doesn’t mean that paying visits to your ophthalmologist every period of time is all that you need to do. Some bad habits, for instance, may become the root of your eyes problems; thereby it’s of great importance that you are aware of the steps for caring about your eyes.

How to treat with eye diseases will be your first concern. Never think you will be in good condition forever, because most people get eye diseases with age. In addition to those common eye diseases, such as Cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, conjunctivitis, glaucoma, dry eyes, blindness and orbital tumors, there are numerous kinds of eye problems that we do not know, but need to pay attention to. Therefore, it’s a good choice for you to make an appointment with your ophthalmologist from time to time, who can check whether you have eye diseases, track your eye condition, and even warn you about the disease you will easily get. Then you know what factors are dangerous for you and how to care of your eyes away from diseases.

How to treat with general health problems will be your second concern. As you know, eyes are an organ which belongs to the complex system of our whole body. Therefore, the general health conditions of our body greatly affect the eyes. We can see many of this kind of examples. Let me cite two most common examples, a lack of vitamin of our body would cause eye problems very easily, and diabetes would lead to blindness. Consequently, besides of caring about your eyes, you also need to maintain good general health.

How to treat with bad habits is your third consideration. Besides of the above statements, some bad habits will also cause serious eye problems, like smoking. Periodic chain smoking, especially, is said to hurt the eyes to a great extent that may cause Macular degeneration, even get the eyes become blind.

Safety and safety practices will be the last concern. According to statistics, most problems happen during high risk jobs are because of workers’ inattention. So you particularly need to get some safety protections in order to take care of your eyes if you are a high risk job worker. It’s especially crucial for you to get some protection practices when you work around source of fire in a factory or do chemical affairs in a lab. Everything is possible while you do risk jobs, a blast for instance, safety goggles are always in need at that time to protect your eyes.

To protect eyes in a correct way means not only call on your eye doctor at regular intervals, but also being aware of the methods to care for your eyes. As said above, eye doctor is only in charge of checking your eye disease and giving you prescriptions. However, it’s totally your business to maintain good eye condition. The eyes are the most vulnerable but precious part of your body, so you must take some measurements, like avoiding bad habits and executing safety practices to maintain good vision!

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